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Saturday, July 22, 2017
Venera 8 lands on Venus, 1972
The Soviet probe Venera 8 touched down on Venus July 22, 1972, becoming the second spacecraft to land on the planet, but it was the first one to make a soft landing. It was preceded by Venera 7 in December 1970, whose parachutes failed to deploy and it hit the surface at about 16.5m/sec.
Venera 8 transmitted for just over 50 minutes before going silent. It confirmed data from Venera 7 about the harsh conditions on Venus.