Buran on the launch pad November 15, 1988
The Soviets, trying to keep up in the space race, launched their version of the space shuttle Buran (Russian for Snowstorm) November 15, 1988. It was the only flight of the Buran program. She carried no crew since the life support system had not been checked out and no software on the CRT displays had been installed. It landed just 206 minutes after lift-off.
In 1988, the Soviet Union was already crumbling and no more flights were attempted. Four more orbiters were never finished. The Buran program was officially cancelled in 1993.